Jharkhand State Bar Council is the apex body of the lawyers which functions for the entire state of Jharkhand. The Council is an Autonomous Body established under the provisions of the Advocates’ Act, 1961 which created two autonomous organisations to regulate and manage the collective professional affairs of the Advocates- one at the centre namely the Bar Council of India, and one at each state or a group of states namely the Bar Council of the respective state/s. The objectives and functions of the State Bar Council are to confer license to practice as advocates to the law graduates who apply for the same i.e. to grant them permission to practice before the courts of law, to work for their welfare, to manage their collective professional matters and to consider cases of professional and other misconduct on complaints or otherwise. The Council is also the trustee of the fund established and maintained under the Advocates’ Welfare Fund Trust Act wherein several benefits are payable to the advocates who are the members of the trust or their successors upon their death,retirement,etc. The Bar Council of India on the other hand comprises of members elected and nominated by each State Bar Council.
The Council comprises of 25 members besides the Advocate General who is the Ex- Officio member.
The election of the Jharkhand State Bar Council takes place by a complex process wherein the electorate comprises of every single lawyer enrolled in the State. The counting process involves elimination by preferential voting and the 25 member’s securing highest votes get elected to the office for a period of five years. These elected members by way of internal election elect amongst them, the chairman. Vice chairman and the representative for the Bar council of India.
The secretary of the Bar Council is the permanent executive and has a team of about 21 persons working in the office.
Jharkhand State Bar Council was originally part of Bar Council of Bihar. On reorganization of the State of Bihar and creation of the State of Jharkhand by the Bihar Reorganization Act, 2000 vide section 28 of the Bihar Reorganization Act, the word Jharkhand was added in section 3 (1) a of the Advocates Act and a provision was made for a separate Bar Council for the State of Jharkhand.
The First Jharkhand State Bar Council came to be constituted in the year 2006, the second one in the year 2012 and the current i.e. the third one in the year 2017.
The office of Jharkhand State Bar Council is situated at North Office Para, Doranda, Ranchi. The Council also has an extension office within the premises of the Jharkhand High Court.